Holst: The Planets, V. Saturn, the Bringer of Old Age

Melody

The Dies Irae theme is quoted and varied in 3 ways.

  1. Bars 1 to 27 with upbeat: transposed down a minor third with only the first two notes quoted and the intervals adapted and the key now in G minor.
  2. Bars 68 to 85: transposed up an augmented fourth with the key remaining the same
  3. Bars 86 to 95 with upbeat: transposed up an augmented fourth and the key remaining the same, but starts on the second note of the theme

Texture

The Dies Irae theme is quoted and varied by instrumentation and texture.

  1. The varied Dies Irae theme is played by the flutes, bassoons and harps accompanied by the strings.
  2. Dies Irae theme is played by flutes, oboes, clarinets, harps and violins with horns and bells accompaniment.
  3. Dies Irae theme shared between various instruments (flutes, horns and bassoons) of the orchestra in a heterophonic texture with accompaniment by the winds, strings and bells.

Harmony

The Dies Irae theme is harmonized in 2 different ways.

  1. The pedal-like notes in the strings increases the tension of the opening (bars 1 to 27).
  2. The Dies Irae theme in the melody is accompanied by G minor chords in the strings.

Rhythm

The rhythm of the Dies Irae theme is varied in 2 different ways.

  1. The rhythm of the Dies Irae theme is slightly varied with syncopated chords in the flutes and harps. The theme enters on an upbeat and the entire Dies Irae is displaced by one beat.
  2. The rhythm of the Dies Irae theme enters on the third beat and is now played by crotchets in the flutes, harps and strings.
  3. The rhythm of the Dies Irae theme is to the same as the opening of the movement, however it begins on the second note of the theme and on the third beat

Form

The Dies Irae theme mainly occurs in 3 different parts of the sonata form.

  1. The Dies Irae theme occurs as the theme of the opening.
  2. The Dies Irae theme occurs once again in the development section.
  3. The Dies Iraetheme occurs again right after its second occurrence.
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s