Haydn: Symphony No. 103

Melody
The Dies Irae theme is quoted varied in 3 major ways.

  1. Bars 2 and 3: transposed down a minor second with only the first four notes; real transposition and the key remaining the same (in E-flat Major)
  2. Bars 8 and 9: The first four notes of Dies Irae theme transposed up a major third with the same intervals while the key remains the same (in E-flat Major)
  3. Bars 21 and 22: The second phrase of Dies Irae theme is transposed up a minor second and varied, the key remains the same (in E-flat Major)

Texture
The Dies Irae theme is quoted and varied by instrumentation and texture.

  1. The real transposition of Dies Irae theme is played with the bassoons, cellos and double bass with an octave lower without any other accompaniment.
  2. The Dies Irae theme is again played with the bassoons, cellos and double bass with an octave lower without any other accompaniment.
  3. The Dies Irae theme is carried out by the first violin, accompanied by the rest of string quartet, the woodwind and the brass.

Harmony
The Dies Irae theme is harmonized in mainly two ways.

  1. The Dies Irae theme is harmonized by the cello and double bass with octave consonance.
  2. The Dies Irae theme is again harmonized by the cello and double bass with octave consonance.
  3. The Dies Irae theme is harmonized by the string quartet in major chords.

Rhythm
The rhythm of the Dies Irae theme is varied in 2 different ways.

  1. The rhythm of the Dies Irae theme is quoted for the first two occurrences with quarter notes.
  2. The rhythm of the Dies Irae theme is slightly varied with the additional quavers.

Form
The Dies Irae theme mainly occurs in 2 different parts in the first movement of the symphony

 

  1. The DI theme occurs as the theme of the opening and repeated for twice. (Adagio)
  2. The DI theme occurs as the opening theme of the second part of first movement of the symphony (Allegro).

 

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